Latin name: Rosa canina L., Rosa rubiginosa L. and Rosa rugosa Thunb
Family: Rosaceae (rose family)
Common names: Rosehip
Part used: Fruit (hip) of the rose plant that is typically orange to red but can be purple to black in some species.
Key constituents: Ascorbic acid (vitamin C), carotenoids (including beta-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin and lycopene), polyphenols (such as proanthocyanidins), flavonoids (such as quercetin and catechin), unsaturated fatty acids and galactolipids such as GLGPG.
Rosehips which are the round part of the flower, just below the rose, have always been prized for their vitamin C content, although much of the vitamin is actually lost during drying. In addition to vitamin C, Rosehip tea contains flavonoids (such as quercetin and catechin), unsaturated fatty acids and galactolipids such as GLGPG.